|Comaroff and Stern are theorizing the puzzling phenomenon of the growth of nationalism in the aftermath of the Cold War. By admitting the failure of both Marxist and liberal driven social science to explain this persistence, they urge the rethinking of the phenomenon, particularly in respect to differentiation between the concept of nation, ethnicity and race, and its relation to violence in order to understand “the recent renaissance of the politics of cultural identity” (37). In order to exercise such rethinking, the authors are tracking the evolution of the main debate between constructivists and primordialists. Authors are noting the persistence of the central notions of this debate, as well as its changing evolution through the refinement of primordialist argument via socio-psychological theories and simultaneous fragmentation of constructivism. The article is stressing the need to overcome this axis of debate and is showing some of the theoretical avenues to be taken to that end, further elaborated in a collective volume by Comaroff and Stern, Perspectives on Nationalism and War. The article neatly sums up the logic of the pre-1990 debates on nationalism and war and gives a good argumentation for its overcoming.