Title "Nationality in the Balkans: the Case of the Macedonians". In Balkans: A Mirror of the New World Order, edited by Günay Göksu Özdoğan and Kemâli Saybaşılı, 121-132.
Author Yasamee, Feroze
Publisher Istanbul: EREN
Annotation The author, historian of the Ottoman Empire, emphasizes certain political upheavals that, since the 1870s, have played a decisive part in the shaping of the Macedonian Slavs’ sense of nationality. He considers that the bulk of the local Slavic intelligentsia espoused a Bulgarian national identity already during the so-called ‘Revival’ period, previous to the Russo-Ottoman war of 1877-1878, and that this identity was challenged by four major events: the decision of the Great Powers to keep Macedonia under Ottoman authority taken during the Berlin Congress (1878), the disaster of the Ilinden uprising (1903), the division of the region after the Balkan wars (1912-1913) and the period of the Second World war. According to Yasamee, it was the fourth ‘catastrophe’ that resulted in the development, in Vardar Macedonia, of a Macedonian national identity. This process was directed by the Yugoslav communist party and assisted by the Bulgarian communists. In fact, Yasamee presents a somewhat sophisticated version of the Bulgarian historiographic point of view: he does not offer any proves attesting that it was the Yugoslav party that ‘imposed’ its vision of ‘Macedonian nation’ on the Komintern and on the neighbor parties. He likewise omits the identity processes in the Interwar Vardar Macedonia that resulted in the emergence of a generation of Macedonian nationalists who opposed the Bulgarian occupation. (also relevant to sub-fields 2, 10)
Author of Annotation Tchavdar Marinov
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