BIBLIOGRAPHY
Title Fires of Hatred. Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-century Europe
Author Norman M. Naimark
Publisher Cambridge, Mass : Harvard University Press
Annotation Norman Naimark is utilizing on the concept of ethnic cleansing as being wide enough to tackle both forced deportations and genocide, and is attempting to show that although similar violent actions could be traced to the dawn of mankind, the twentieth century is presenting a qualitatively different novel venture of state-sponsored violence targeting specific ethnic groups, which he contributes to the rise of modern racialist nationalism. He analyses in depth several cases: Armenian genocide in 1915 and consequent expulsion of Greeks and Armenians from Turkey, Nazi attack on Jews, Soviet deportations of Chechens of Caucasus and Crimean Tatars in 1944, the expulsion of Germans from Eastern Europe and ethnic cleansings in the course of wars in former Yugoslavia. In order to elucidate the genocidal potential of ethnic cleansing, Neimark decidedly brushes aside the argument of the importance of cultural context and ancient hatred argument, and insists on the role of historical contingencies, governmental policies, and intercommunal hostility as principal causes of ethnic cleansing policies and renounces their inevitability. As key elements to be examined in order for ethnic cleansing to be understood and grasped, Neimark emphasizes violence, war, totality, monuments and memory, gender, and property.
Author of Annotation Vladimir Petrović
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