BIBLIOGRAPHY
Title "The Modern Macedonian Standard Language and Its Relation to Modern Macedonian Identity". In The Macedonian Question: Culture, Historiography, Politics, edited by Victor Roudometof, 173-206.
Author Friedman, Victor
Publisher Boulder: East European Monographs
Annotation The prominent linguist from the Chicago University offers an overview of the attempts for literary usage of Macedonian Slavic vernacular since the beginning of the 19th century and insists on their relevance for the development of modern Macedonian national identity. Friedman considers that there are four major periods of evolution of Macedonian language and nationalism (1794-c. 1840, c. 1840-1870, 1870-1913, 1913-1944) prior to the final language normalization that began in the late 1944 in the framework of Yugoslav Macedonia. Friedman does not spare his criticism about analysts who emphasize on the crucial role played by the Yugoslav communist leadership in the ‘making’ of modern Macedonian nation and affirms a longer and autochthonous continuity of the latter. Regrettably, his reconstruction is based almost exclusively on secondary literature from the Republic of Macedonia (Blaže Koneski) or advocating the nowadays-Macedonian point of view (Horace Lunt). As a result, Friedman’s interpretation is quite biased: for instance, his thesis of a ‘Macedo-Bulgarian linguistic compromise’ (similar to the Serbo-Croatian), allegedly supported by local intellectuals in the 19th century, is uncritical when one considers the Bulgarian nationalistic self-identifications of the same historical figures. (also relevant to sub-field 1)
Author of Annotation Tchavdar Marinov
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