Title "Macedonian Identity: An Overview of the Major Claims". In The New Macedonian Question, edited by James Pettifer, 47-59.
Author Drezov, Kyril
Publisher Basingstoke and London: Macmillan Press
Annotation In this short article, the expert in Southeast European politics suggests an insightful perspective on Macedonian ‘nation building’. Contrary to the simplistic interpretations of modern Macedonian national identity as a communist/Tito’s invention (the Greek point of view) or as a Serbian fabrication (the Bulgarian one), he insists that Greeks, Bulgarians and Serbs have equally contributed to its formation. As a result, the Macedonian national ideology has integrated the myth of Ancient Macedonia as well as the very name of the region/country that were launched, in the 19th century, by the Greek nationalism; the image of the spatial boundaries of ‘Geographic Macedonia’ with its independentist overtone inherited by the autonomist program of the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization – otherwise Bulgarian as a national self-identification; the ethnographic idea of a distinct Macedonian Slavic ‘ethnie’ and language supported by Serbian scientists. However, Drezov’s analysis remains fairly unhistorical and it is difficult to pursue when one or another of these elements has become salient for the Macedonians and how exactly they were ‘adjusted’ in the ‘formula’ of modern Macedonian nationalism. On the other hand, the author’s puzzling idea that in the 19th century ‘a transitional territory between Serbs and Bulgarians existed not only between Nish and Sofia, but also between Nish and Belgrade’ is quite disputable: it is backed up only with a reference to a work of the Macedonian national ideologist Misirkov and obviously tries, at the first place, to discredit him as a Bulgarian nationalist. (also relevant to sub-field 11)
Author of Annotation Tchavdar Marinov
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